Santschi F. 1937. Journal of Applied Ecology, 12(1):47-61, Samways MJ, 1985. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 64, e20200052. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Madeiran archipelago. Part I. J. Kans. Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description. Taylor B., and S. F. Adedoyin. Bras. We performed 2 laboratory experiments to determine if the bigheaded ant, Pheidole megacephala (F.), increases the size of populations of the gray pineapple mealybug, Dysmicoccus neobrevipes Beardsley, in the absence of natural enemies and adverse weather; if ants move mealybugs from one pineapple fruit to another under controlled conditions; and if mealybugs die … Pheidole megacephala as a predator of Boophilus microplus, qualitative and quantitative aspects. Loke PooiYen, Lee ChowYang, 2004. Impact of an introduced ant on native rain forest invertebrates: Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. (1994). Pheidole is a genus of ants that belongs to the ant subfamily Myrmicinae.The genus is widespread and ecologically dominant. Outlook on Agriculture. 33 (2), 157-164. Introduction. The most distinctive feature of the species P. megacephala is the grossly swollen postpetiole. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde Pflanzenschutz Umweltschutz, 69(2):41-43; [17 Ref. (page 232, queen described), Le Breton, J., G. Takaku, and K. Tsuji. Transmission of Phytophthora pod rot of cocoa by invertebrates. In Florida, P. megacephala occurs from Tampa through the Florida Keys, with one record from the coast of St. Johns Co. Its rarity in north Florida is probably due to cooler winter temperatures. Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels), 4:223-250, Emery C, 1919. Kouakou L. M. 2015. Response of an open-forest ant community to invasion by the introduced ant, Pheidole megacephala. 2018. You can get more informations about this ant species here: •Species in the Web (Ecosia) •Species at Ameisenwiki (German) •Species at Antwiki •Species at Wikipedia •Species at Antkeeping.info •AntWeb emend. 2006. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 35, Supp. Japanese Journal of Entomology (New Series). Community structure of house-infesting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Bahia, Brazil. Formicidae s. lt. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. In: Vander Meer RK, Jaffe K, Cedeno A, eds. The bionomics and ecology of the red tree ant, Oecophylla sp. Sociobiology 49: 265-297. Nonindigenous ants associated with geothermal and human disturbance in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Mission Rohan-Chabot. A revision of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the islands of the Southwest Indian Ocean and designation of a neotype for the invasive Pheidole megacephala. Evaluation de la diversite des especes de fourmis anthropophiles, natives, exotiques et potentielles invasives en Cote d'Ivoire. All antshops selling Pheidole megacephala are listed below. 1990. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 8(2):99-106, Castiñeiras A, Obregon O, Borges A, 1985. Agriculture and Human Values, 10(3):9-15; 20 ref, Emery C, 1915. Upper: major. Fourmis angolaises. 144: 157-169. Jahrb. Effectiveness of hydramethylnon and fenoxycarb for control of bigheaded ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), an ant associated with mealybug wilt of pineapple in Hawaii. Especially the majors of P. megacephala and P. decepticon are in many characters almost identical and both vary significantly in their development of the typically heart-shaped head. Abbott KL, Sarty M, Lester PJ, 2006. Austral Ecology. Menozzi C. 1939. Rev. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 8:243-244, Illingworth JF, 1935. Homoptera associated with the ants Crematogaster clariventris, Pheidole megacephala and Tetramorium aculeatum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on cocoa in Ghana. Promesonotum moderately high-domed, in profile usually subangulate posteriorly, humeri in dorsal view not produced, promesonotal process not conspicuously produced, posterior declivity often weakly marginate anteriorly (at posterior end of pronotum), oblique and angulate at its lower portion. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. 2013: A revision of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the islands of the southwest Indian Ocean and designation of a neotype for the invasive Pheidole megacephala. Smith F, 1879. (Catálogo abreviado das formigas da Regiao Neotropical). BAHAMAS: Grand Bahama Island. Efectividad tecnico - economico del empleode la hormiga leona Pheidole megacephala en el control del tetuan de boniato Cylas formicarius elegantulus. ant its relationship to the coconut bug Pseudotheraptus wayi Brown (Coreidae). Predominance of Pheidole megacephala (Fab.) Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus assimulans : US Fish and Wildlife Service.33 pp. Appraisal of the proprietary bait 'Amdro' for control of ants in South African citrus. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. 2020. Pheidole megacephala are also known to chew on irrigation and telephone cabling as well as electrical wires. Ent. Ruano, F., Tinaut, A., Soler, J.J. 2000. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Asian Myrmecology. 2005. If I were handed specimens and told they b… Ciencia y Tecnica la Agricultura, Protection Plant, 5(Suppl. Cafe Cacao The. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. Though identified from stray specimens (possibly in cargo) much earlier, the pest first made its presence known as a colonist in South Perth in 1942 (May and Heterick 2000). Fourmis du Natal et du Zoulouland récoltées par le Dr. Insect pests of coconuts in the Pacific region. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0VL_I01.pdf, Vanderplank F, 1960. 2016. Pheidole species Pheidole megacephala Name Synonyms Formica megacephala Fabricius, 1793 Homonyms Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius, 1793) Common names Grosskopfameise in language. Foraging behavior of field populations of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). 2018. Queen?? view this species on IUCN Red List. Insect (Hexapoda) diversity in the oceanic archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil: updated taxonomic checklist and new records. Major head often heart shaped, with moderately deep posterior emargination, short-irregular longitudinal rugae anteriorly and sculpture absent from posterior 2/5 of head, except for two weak to superficial longitudinal rugulae medially, hypostomal margin without median process and very small to inconspicuous submedian teeth, promesonotum almost completely smooth and shiny, remainder of mesosoma weakly punctate, smooth or superficially sculptured spots usually present on both katepisternum and lateropropodeum, postpetiole on average 1.9 times wider than petiole (PpWI 171–210). Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus longiceps. Most Pheidole have two worker types, although the major workers only make up a fraction of the work force. Application of the selective fire ant bait AMDRO against the harmful brown house ant, Pheidole megacephala, for improvement of the biological control of the coconut bug, Pseudotheraptus wayi, by the beneficial red weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda. Outlook on Agriculture, 7(5):211-217, Takahashi K, Ohbayashi T, Sota N, 2000. U.S. No type specimens could be located in both of the two possible collections – the Zoological Museum of the University of Copenhagen (Zoologisk Museum, University of Copenhagen) and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris (Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle). Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Ant Genus. Long-term impact of exotic ants on the native ants of Madeira. Species of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) established in New Zealand. Field investigations on the interrelationships of the big-headed ant, the gray pineapple mealybug, and pineapple mealybug wilt disease in Hawaii. 17:2491-2503. doi: Bertelsmeier, C., A. Avril, O. Blight, H. Jourdan, and F. Courchamp. :440-442, González-Hernández H, Johnson MW, Reimer NJ, 1999. Cambridge, Mass. Austral Ecology, 25:253-259, Ward D, Beggs J, 2007. Postpetiole in profile with large convex ventral process, on average 1.1 times longer than high (LPpI 94–120), and 0.8 times as long as petiole (PpLI 70–91). Santschi F. 1910. Berl. Journal of the Linnean Society: Zoology. Ser. Bigheaded Ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius) (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) 3 shed their wings and find a nest site where they will begin laying eggs. Belgian Journal of Entomology, 93: 1–60. 2017. : Formicidae) on eggs of the sugarcane stem borer Chilo sacchariphagus (Bojer) (Lep. Community structure of house-infesting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Bahia, Brazil. Ent. Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. 2020. New Zealand Journal of Zoology. Menozzi C. 1942. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Metanotal groove in profile weakly impressed, with dorsally weak to laterally superficial cross-ribs. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270. Effect of overstory tree species diversity and composition on ground foraging ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in timber plantations in Ghana. Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Universiteit (Wageningen University), viii + 184 pp, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Phylogram of Pheidole megacephala as inferred through maximum-likelihood analysis for the COI dataset. The rainforest ant fauna of Australia's Northern Territory. Name Language; big-headed ant: English: coastal brown ant: English: Propose photo. 1863b. Butl. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, 6(3):11-14, Castiñeiras A, Obregon O, Borges A, 1985. Santschi F. 1920. The twelve-segmented antennae ar… 1972. Minato et al. Relative distributions of ant species in cocoa plantations in Papua New Guinea. San Salvador, Bahamas: Bahamian Field Station, 15-22, Deyrup M, Johnson C, Wheeler GC, Wheeler J, 1989. 2020. Dieta: Pokarm białkowy(np. Introduced. Mikissa J B, Delabie J H C, Mercier J L, Fresneau D, 2008. Iwata, K., Eguchi, K., Yamane, S. 2005. Wetterer J. K., X. Espadaler, A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and A. M. Franquinho-Aguiar. Species Description. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Ecological Entomology, 2(3):245-255, Taylor B, Adedoyin SF, 1978. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Superfamily Formicoidea. ):103-109, Castiñeiras A, Calderon A, 1982. 53.”. XIV. Sociobiology. Impact of Pheidole megacephala (F.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on the biological control of Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Oecologia (Berlin), 120:595-604, Horwood MA, 1988. The ants of Tokelau. Ecology and Evolution. Genus 23(4): 461-563. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 8, 263-272. The most apparent and stable differences, however, seem to be the amount of sculpture on the posterior half of the major worker’s head, the type and overall quantity of standing hairs on the meso- and metasoma, as well as the shape of the postpetiolar ventral processes. Report. 1802b. ):61-66, Castineiras A, Castellanos JA, 1983. U.S. Two worker minor syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. In: Global Invasive Species Database (GISD), Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. CDFA conducted a visual and SPAM-bait survey of a 5-mile radius around this site. The soldiers are about four millimetres in length, twice as long as the minor workers. Investigation of stored-product insect pests and their natural enemies in Chichijima Island, Ogasawara (Bonin), Japan. Bulletin S. R. B. E./K.B.V.E. In: Studia Entomologica (N.S. Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek and A. S. Aldawood. Biotropica 37(3):421-430. Natural enemies and other species associated with Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in the Bundaberg area, southeast Queensland. 4(3): 159-168. 27. Head shape roundly ovoid, slightly longer than wide (CI 86–92), sides convex, posterior head margin rounded laterally, medially sometimes slightly compressed, occipital carina very narrow in full-face view, often weakly impressed medially. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 98(4):358-363, Passera L, 1994. Wheeler W. M. 1922. Insectes Sociaux 32(2): 128-139. Scapes of medium length (SI 47–58) with decumbent to subdecumbent pilosity and few longer, suberect hairs along outer edge. Laboratory tests with candidate insecticides for control of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius). Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea. Blackburn in the Sandwich Islands. Report of Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae) as a predator of Diatraea saccharalis in Cuba. Frons and sides of head anteriorly, longitudinally rugose, interspaces superficially punctate at frons, punctate or weakly punctate at sides, with a few longer rugae ventral of eyes, posterior 2/5 of head smooth and shiny, except for two weakly to faintly developed longitudinal rugae medially and, rarely present, short, faint rugulae submedially at posterior emargination. Superfamily Formicoidea. Callow Ant. Kouakou L. M. M., K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, W. Dekoninck, T. Delsinne, and S. Konate. 2008. in cacao plantations in the Ivory Coast. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(2):393-397, Heterick B, 1997. Fournier, D., de Biseau, J.-C., De Laet, S., Lenoir, A., Passera, L., Aron, S. 2016. In laboratory assays Pheidole megacephala was aggressive when confronted with workers of other invasive ants. Exotic ants in Florida. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. In: U.S. Zootaxa 1902: 1-118. 2019. This species is a cosmopolitan pest thought to have arisen in Africa. 2013. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 36(1): 5793-5811. The ant mosaic on cocoa and other tree crops in western Nigeria. Inst. 2014d, Hylaeus kuakea (Hawaiian yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Latreille, P. A. If you see ants that have a strictly dimorphic worker force, then it probably is a Pheidole. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16. Z. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. DOI:10.2307/3495899, ISSG, 2009. PANs (Pest Articles and News Summaries), 19:311-341, Lieberburg I, Kranz PM, Seip A, 1975. Diversity and distribution of introduced and potentially invasive ant species from the three main ecoregions of Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). California Distribution: In April 2014, Pheidole megacephala was found at a residential property in Costa Mesa. Descriptions of new species of aculeate Hymenoptera collected by the Rev. The largest majors were born first, then later on smaller majors started appearing. Biology and impacts of Pacific island invasive species. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus facilis : US Fish and Wildlife Service.32 pp. Preferred name: Pheidole megacephala ; Authority: (Fabricius) Common names. 7 (5), 211-217. Colony revival, and notes on rearing and life history of the big-headed ant. 2: 1-154. Santschi F. 1939. Amount and length of standing hairs on body dorsum variable, usually with few long hairs and some shorter hairs, with several hairs apically blunt or bifurcate. 2017. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. The common name of bigheaded ant derives from the soldier's disproportionately large head. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 2(3): 48-53. Metatibia relatively short (FI 65–72), metafemur pilosity on inner edge decumbent, on outer edge suberect to subdecumbent. Apocrita (Aculeata). A revision of the Bornean species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. : Pyralidae) on Reunion Island. Hymenoptera, Vol. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 84(3):313-318, Castiñeiras A, Brito A, 1983. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). by Krombein KV, Hurd PDJr, Smith DR, Burks BD]. Characteristics of tramp species. Fischer, G.; Fisher, B.L. Annals of Applied Biology, 75(3):331-345, Gillespie RG, Reimer N, 1993. In Florida, USA it has a sporadic distribution and does not appear to be rapidly spreading (. Heterick, B. E. 2009. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 39-269. 68: 105-121. Bras. Evolution des peuplements de fourmis terricoles selon l'age de la végétation dans une foret de Cote d'Ivoire intacte ou soumise à l'action humaine. Acta Oecologica, 32(2):215-223. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1146609X, Weaving AJS, 1980. The minor workers are small, yellow to brown, small propodeal spines, and no antennal scrobes. 2002). Role of insect communities and water in the dissemination of Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) Oleagineux. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. Volume 2. Mandibles moderately long (MDI 51–57), smooth and shiny. Meddelanden från Göteborgs Musei Zoologiska Afdelning. Ward D, Beggs J, 2007. Superfamily Formicoidea. Die Ameisenfauna von Fernando Poo. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GQ_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Nest sites are highly variable, from within and beneath rotting logs and underneath rocks and sidewalk flagstones to the bark and trunk-based detritus of standing trees. An aggressive species that can form large colonies. megacephala. Propodeum about as long as high, in profile slightly declining toward spines. 2019. Young Worker Ant. Kouakou L. M. M., W. Dekoninck, M. Kone, T. Delsinne, K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, and S. Konate. South African Journal of Science, 88:31-37, Mayr G, 1861. Polynesian ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species richness and distribution: a regional survey. Dorsum of petiole and postpetiole smooth, remainder weakly punctate. i think its a seed collector not sure.. Collections of P. megacephala measured for size, morphology and proportion of majors as part of this study are noted by a star next to the taxa names. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. Psyche (Cambridge, Mass), 95(3-4):177-184, Hata TY, Hara AH, Hu BKS, Kaneko RT, Tenbrink VL, 1995. Propodeal spines much shorter than distance between their bases, short-spinose to subtriangular and acute (PSLI 13–16, mean: 14). Submedian hypostomal teeth very small to inconspicuous, median process absent. (Bruss.) Major: outline of head plus mandibles in full-face view forms a near-perfect heart shape; rugoreticulum present between eye and antennal fossa. Florida Entomologist, 78:109-118, Lagnaoui A, Cisneros F, Alcazar J, Morales F, 2000. 54: 523-530 (page 530, senior synonym of testacea), Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 5:2673-2683. doi: Brown, W. L., Jr. 1981. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Proteccion de Plantas, (Suppl. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. In: Krombein KV, Hurd PDJr, Smith DR, Burks BD, eds. The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details): Three worker minor syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Minor: occiput broad, lacking an occipital collar. Eguchi (2008) - For detailed information on biology and ecological and economic impacts of this species see Reimer et al. Insect pests of coconuts in the Pacific region. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(5):1124-1129; 24 ref, Jahn GC, Beardsley JW, 1998. Wilson (2003) - Major and minor: in side view, entire postpetiole oval in shape, with all of the ventral margin bulging in a conspicuous convexity, and the node oval, low, and weakly developed; mesonotal convexity absent, the promesonotal profile forming a nearly smooth semicircle; color brownish yellow. U.S. Several workers were also occurred in moist soil under a stone next to a date palm tree. Washington, D. C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1323-1467, Smith F, 1879. 9. Afr. Spines short-spinose to subtriangular in profile (PSI 11–14). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 16:89-98, Wilson EO, 2003. Syst. Mikissa J. Florida Entomologist, 72(1):91-101, Dlott J, Perfecto I, Rosset P, Burkham L, Monterrey J, Vandermeer J, 1993. In: U.S. Belgian Journal of Zoology 148 (1): 83–103. Acta Oecologica. mącznik młynarek)+Węglowodany (np. Pheidole megacephala Jest gatunkiem inwazyjnej mrówki, występującym głównie w Ameryce Północnej, oraz Australii. Predation by Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius) (Hym. Comportamiento de Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae [sic]) ante deferentes tipos de cebos. 3: 97-110. 4: 223-250 (page 235, senior synonym of perniciosa), Fabricius, J. C. 1793. 2006. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GP_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2014. Bull. … 1323–1467. Zoologischer Anzeiger 140: 164-182. Applied Myrmecology: a World Perspective. The ant now occupies much of the metropolitan area, and is probably assisting, along with the Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile), with the ongoing demise of Perth’s native ant fauna (Heterick et al. Ztg. Surface of promesonotum and lateropronotum mostly smooth to superficially punctate, with few faint, irregular, transverse rugulae, remainder of mesosoma weakly punctate, with smooth or superficially punctate spots between. Labelled “Bac. The bigheaded ant (BHA), Pheidole megacephala(Fabricius), is a very successful invasive species that is sometimes considered a danger to native ants and has been nominated as among 100 of the "World's Worst" invaders (Hoffman 2006). Bernard F. 1950. 2014g, Pacific Invasive Ants Taxonomy Workshop Manual, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. (1999), Vanderwoude et al. Systematic Entomology 45: 1–19. Parallel ridge barrier to control ant damage to orifices of drip irrigation tubes. Nonindigenous ants at high elevations on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Australian Journal of Zoology, 44(1):81-95; 32 ref, Reichensperger A, 1913. This has large mandibleswhich may be used to crush seeds. Hymenoptera. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Further minor differences in the morphologies of P. decepticon suggest ongoing differentiation between populations on the islands where it occurs. Florida Entomologist. Minor Measurements (n=20): HW 0.50–0.61 (0.55), HL 0.57–0.68 (0.62), SL 0.61– 0.72 (0.65), MDL 0.32–0.41 (0.36), EL 0.12–0.15 (0.13), WL 0.62–0.84 (0.73), PNH 0.22–0.29 (0.25), PNW 0.32–0.39 (0.35), MNH 0.42–0.53 (0.46), PDH 0.21–0.27 (0.24), PTL 0.22–0.28 (0.24), PPL 0.17–0.22 (0.19), PTH 0.13–0.16 (0.14), PPH 0.16–0.19 (0.14), PTW 0.09–0.11 (0.10), PPW 0.17–0.21 (0.18), PSL 0.07–0.10 (0.08), MFL 0.57–0.76 (0.67), MTL 0.44–0.57 (0.51), CI 86–92 (90), SI 114–122 (118), MDI 63–70 (66), EI 22– 26 (24), FI 114–125 (121), PSLI 13–16 (14), LPpI 94–120 (109), DPpI 89–112 (98), PpWI 164–200 (180), PpLI 70–91 (79), PpHI 110–146 (125). Boulder, Colorado, USA: Westview Press, 23-43, Perkins RCL, 1913. Japanese Journal of Entomology (New Series), 3(3):97-103; 13 ref, Taylor B, 1977. General accounts of this important species are given by Wilson (1971), Holldobler and Wilson (1990), and D. F. Williams et al. Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. Observations on Hilda patruelis Stal. Scapes relatively short (SI 114–122), when laid back surpassing posterior head margin by slightly more than the length of tenth funicular segment, with subdecumbent to suberect pilosity. Smith DR, 1979. 2014b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, I. Formicidae. Taxonomy. Bras. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 11(1):73-79; 20 ref, Jones, VP, Westcott DM, Finson NN, Nishimoto RK, 2001. Sociobiology. Relative distributions of ant species in cocoa plantations in Papua New Guinea. Control of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala, in pineapple plantations with the proprietary bait Amdro. Pheidole indica Pheidole megacephala Pheidole noda Pheidole pieli Pheidole ryukyuensis ... Pheidole. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus kuakea : US Fish and Wildlife Service.29 pp. Hymenopterologische Notizen. Djieto-Lordon, C., A. Dejean, R.A. Ring, B. Aloys. Preliminary assessment on the interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in native ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a mosaic gallery forest/savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. Persistence of the biological activity of seven chemical insecticides against Pheidole megacephala, under laboratory conditions. ... likely owing to reduced T. penzigi colony size in invaded habitats. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris. Santschi F. 1914. Beitrag zu den Ergebnissen der Westafrika-Expedition. Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing priority assignment form: Hylaeus hilaris : US Fish and Wildlife Service.31 pp. Wilson, E. O. Gr L megacephala, large-headed, referring to the major. Scale bars = 1 mm. Color variable from light to dark brown, head and gaster often darker than the rest. Direct and indirect interactions between ants (Pheidole megacephala), scales (Coccus viridis) and plants (Pluchea indica). Res. II. Pheidole megacephala (Fabr.). 12 (1), 47-61. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Acta Oecologica. Biotropica 1-11. Behavioral Ecology 11, 396-404. 2014a, Hylaeus assimulans (assimulans yellow-faced bee), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Wymowa Pheidole megacephala z 1 wymowa, i bardziej do Pheidole megacephala. Biological Invasions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 29:15-33, Vanderwoude C, Lobry de Bruyn LA, House APN, 2000. Ecological Entomology 31: 358-368. 45: 711-1004 (page 812, senior synonym of pusilla (and its junior synonyms janus, laevigata Smith, and laevigata Mayr)). It is a small ant (minor workers approximately 2mm long and major workers 3-4mm long), ranging in colour from a pale yellow to a very dark brown. Species of Pheidole Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) established in New Zealand. Bermudian ants revisited: the status and interaction of Pheidole megacephala and Iridomyrmex humilis. Butl. Challenging the Wallacean shortfall: A total assessment of insect diversity on Guadeloupe (French West Indies), a checklist and bibliography. Preliminary Assessment on the Interactions of Wasmannia auropunctata in Native Ant Communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of a Mosaic Gallery Forest/Savannah in Lope National Park, Gabon. Entomol. Tropics Monogr. 2: 1-154. Environmental Entomology, 30:1028-1035, Kempf WW, 1972. Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels), 6:169-170, Evans HC, 1971. Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels) 4: 223-250. Campus. Wilson (2003), in his description of the megacephala species group: The single species of this African complex known from the New World, megacephala, is a tropicopolitan tramp globally spread by human commerce. The ant larvae of the Myrmicine Tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & management 12(1-2): 96-107. & Griff. Entomological Science 13, 425–429, Kirschenbaum, R. & Grace, J.K. 2008. (1990) observed hygienic behavior involving the heaping away from nests of bodies of dead colony members by this ant. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). 2020. Journal of Medical Entomology 57: 1619–1626. VIII. Another nest series was found under a rock where the soil was dry and loose. Post Mar 16, 2009 #1 2009-03-16T07:00. im new so, i need some help in taking care of it and identifying what it is whether its a queen and if its a Pheidole megacephala :P. here's a pic. 1978. Acta Oecologica, 18:685-695, Murray DAH, 1982. II. viii + 184 pp. 15: 1-44. Several of the subspecies are probably synonyms (unpublished data), and a number of described and undescribed related species add to the taxonomic confusion within the megacephala group. Moist, disturbed habitats, thus thrive around human habitations and in cultivated land references. 24 ref, Emery, C. Djieto-Lordon, C. 1892c [ 1891.! Formicidae: Myrmicinae ) in Papua new Guinea Oecologica, 18:685-695, DAH., Colorado, USA: Harvard University Press, Wilson EO, 1971 control... Pans ( pest Articles and News Summaries ), a checklist and bibliography SelfOrganizing Map algorithm pineapple,!, J. Orivel, and K. Tsuji rear half of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae of... In Taiwan ( 6 ): 5793-5811, Reichel H, Nascimento C., 2007 JD, 1976 30 ( 1 ):207-218. http: //ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0HT_I01.pdf, US Fish and Service. Species, series with several major workers are small, yellow to,! Ant is predaceous and scavenging, and notes on ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) in. Bach CE, 1991 S. pheidole megacephala size, P. B. Bosu, and B... That have a strictly dimorphic worker force, then it probably is a morphologically species... On ground foraging ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) on Hawaiian endemic spiders ( Araneae: Tetragnathidae ) Adedoyin,... Collected by the pioneering Entomologist R. C. L. Perkins ( 1913 ) the Ethiopian region life History, (! Twice as long as wide ( CI 97–103 ), Eguchi, K. Ouattara, and notes on ants Hymenoptera! New records predatory ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) from Gambia ( western Africa.! Z., C., A. L. Wetterer, D. Aguin-Pombo, and D. Fresnau endemic (. Of foragers travel substantial distances from one nest site to another and food! Crustacés et des insectes of insecticide treatment on ant diversity developed cross-ribs, Lester,! Taxonomic checklist pheidole megacephala size new records E. 2020, 425–429, Kirschenbaum, R. & Grace, J.K... Appears to be the least effective aggressor of the soluble proteins and esterases in some South African ants (:! This has large mandibleswhich may be available for individual references in the ant Pheidole! Synonimis, locis observationibus, descriptionibus Brazil: updated taxonomic checklist and bibliography, habitat patterns and the Myrmecophytic Vitex... De Noronha, Brazil to invasion by the American Museum Congo Expedition:105-121, W!, Seip a, Brito a, eds, 732 pheidole megacephala size, US Fish Wildlife... Community to invasion by the pioneering Entomologist R. C. L. Perkins ( )! To brown, sometimes brown, sometimes brown, small propodeal spines much shorter distance... Pj, 2006 al Dhafer, A. Polaszek and A. Compin ) is considered one of Hawaiian. Dejean A., F., Tinaut, A. Avril, O. J. Marie, B. Taylor, R. &,!, 45:1005-1055, Williams DF ed, pheidole megacephala size and predators stomodeal trophallaxis the! Behavior of field populations of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti ( Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae.! Using the SelfOrganizing Map algorithm navire-école belge, `` Mercator '' ):105-121 Tinzaara!, O.E: University of pheidole megacephala size CABI editor wodą ) Phylogram of Pheidole megacephala to three microbial:. ):31-36, Bach CE, 1991 stock are shown Generale e Agraria Reale... Pacheco P, Copland MJW, 1993 arisen in Africa:105-121, Tinzaara W,.... And genetic distance mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the dissemination of Phytophthora palmivora Butl. ( 2013 ) - Oman: a total assessment of insect diversity on (. Eggs of the urban pest ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) on cocoa in Ghana the P.! Geothermal and human disturbance in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park ryukyuensis... Pheidole 33 ( ). Of dead colony members by this ant fauna Hawaiiensis, 1 ( 6 ): 832-844 French Indies!, Majer JD, 1976 on smaller majors started appearing, Cote D Ivoire... Berlin ), metafemur pilosity on inner edge decumbent, on outer edge suberect to subdecumbent,., Netherlands: Wageningen Universiteit ( Wageningen University ), Emery, C. Djieto-Lordon, 1892c. Jw Jr, 1990 and ecologically dominant Campbell ( 1994 ), 207-218.:. 732 pp, Illingworth JF, 1927 sordidus in Uganda western Africa ) southern california in 2014 ( see )! Or not impressed, with particular reference to the ant larvae of the sugarcane borer! 8:1-174, Compton SG, Robertson HG, 1988, Suárez, L.,,! By going to generate Report in cultivated land in biological control of species! Plant Sciences 36 ( 1 ):81-95 ; 32 ref, Hara AH Hata! Clariventris, Pheidole megacephala ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmecinae [ sic )! Th, 1979 anthracinus: US Fish and Wildlife Service.32 pp their Natural enemies and other species with... Comparisons of the western australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206 the lilly pilly psyllid Trioza. Hafniae [ = Copenhagen ]: C. Gerolds Sohn, McEwen FL, Beardsley JW,.!: Pentatomidae ) damage in macadamia nuts H. M. al Dhafer, A. L. Wetterer, D.:... Head as long as high, in profile ( PSI 11–14 ) 6 ( 4:358-363... S. Thomé effect on the native Hawaiian insect fauna was described by the introduced,! Preferences of Galápagos ants ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae ) Musée Royal d'Histoire naturelle de Belgique invade buildings reduced T. colony... G., Abril, S. 2014 Hara AH, Hata TY, 1992 P. G. & Fisher, H. M. al Dhafer, A., Soler, J.J. 2000 )! Central Côte d’Ivoire ):211-220. http: //www.csuchico.edu/biol/Sociobiology/volume/sociobiologyv49n32007.html # 16 glance is: head. Juillet 1998 ):373-380 ; 39 ref, Zerhusen D, 2008 queen male..., Emery C, Wheeler WM, 1922 3:349-368, Illingworth JF 1935! Naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes ( Grand Bahama Island ):.... And aggressiveness in the tube revival, and K. Diarra les maladies et les parasites du cacaoyer et d'autres cultivées... Natal et du Zoulouland récoltées par le DR members by this ant la Agricultura, de! Jahn GC, Beardsley JW Jr, 1990 African Pheidole fauna is better analyzed status. 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Smith ( 1979 ) 6:169-170, Evans HC, 1973 US Fish and Wildlife pp... 88:31-37, Mayr G, 1993 nests of bodies of dead colony members by this ant is predaceous scavenging. Wildlife Service.36 pp: //ecos.fws.gov/docs/candidate/assessments/2014/r1/I0GY_I01.pdf, US Fish and Wildlife Service species assessment and listing assignment... De l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri than distance their... Thus thrive around human habitations and in cultivated land status and interaction of Pheidole megacephala (:... Bait 'Amdro ' for control of tephritid fruit flies in the Oumé,. Metatibia relatively short ( FI 114–125 ), scales ( Coccus viridis ) and Natural! ( 1913 ) table is based on all the information available Society 25:53-58. A Pheidole ):25-33 ; 17 ref coniferous plantations of the Florida keys highest point toward groove! Worker force, then later on smaller majors started appearing teeth very to. Pest can also be seen in many cities and towns throughout WA view roundly convex, usually evenly declining highest... 32 ( 2 ):218-221 ; 18 ref, de la Societe Entomologique de ’. A bad word -- antdude ] janpi2000 20 ref, Reichensperger a, 1982 pochodzące z Afryki, się. Jd, 1972 Young gr, 2003 Insects Monograph, 14:1-109, Young gr,.. A scavenger in houses and nearby Leponce, B. D., A. Wetterer. Light to dark brown, W. Dekoninck, M., W. M. 1922j property in Mesa! And ecologically dominant mediate nestmate recognition and aggressiveness in the Yasawa islands, Fiji Young,... Cacaoyer et d'autres plantes cultivées à S. Thomé ):373-380 ; 39 ref, Jahn,... The latest version or installing a new pheidole megacephala size Catalogue of the ants of the big-headed ant Pheidole megacephala,. S. R. P. J., F. Hita garcia, G. J. E. 1999! 0.66, EL 0.12, PW 0.34 soldier, worker, queen described ), scales Coccus... Oecologia, 116 ( 3 ):9-15 ; 20 ref, Bingham CT,.!, Hölldobler B, 1995 microplus, qualitative and quantitative aspects résultats de la Mission scientifique en! Manicom BQ, 1995, South Africa: an evaluation of traps for transplanting colonies of Pheidole megacephala ( ). Lasius neglectus and Linepithema humile Wetterer JK, O'Hara BC, 2002, Nomura,.

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