2008). Invasive species clearing campaign in Jukskei Park. This is an online version of SANBI’s Red List of South African plants. The South Carolina Forestry Commission is proud to present this guide to some of the most common and problematic invasive species encountered in South Carolina's forests. The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africa’s sustainable development by facilitating access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. 8.1.2. Red List of South African Plants. 40166 33 3 NOTICE 1: NOTICE IN RESPECT OF CATEGORIES 1a, 1b, 2 AND 3 LISTED INVASIVE SPECIES, IN TERMS OF WHICH CERTAIN RESTRICTED ACTIVITIES ARE Over the past three years SANBI's Threatened Species Unit has focused on assessing a randomly generated sample of 900 of South Africa's plant taxa that is a statistically representative of all of South Africa plants to include in South Africa's recently published National Biodiversity Assessment. 10 of 2004). 329 p Smith LL, Tekiela DR, Barney JN (2015) Predicting biofuel invasive-ness: a relative comparison to crops and weeds. On 3rd April 2009, Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Mr Marthinus van Schalkwyk, published Gazette No. IAPs cost South Africans tens of billions of rand annually in lost agricultural productivity and resources spent on management. A5. In small subpopulations on isolated fragments, recruitment is generally poor, due to inappropriate fire management and loss of pollinators (Craib 2005). SIBIS: Provides access to all SANBI scientific databases: over 1.6 million occurrence records and taxonomic details for over 22 000 species. SANBI’s Threatened Species Programme Red List Scientists. This species is considered highly invasive and is being found in a few locations in the state. Habitat View more ecological information . This is an endemic species from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu ... and invasive alien plants and livestock overgrazing is causing ongoing decline in habitat quality at most of the locations. Science-based spatial tools such as provincial biodiversity plans, biodiversity sector plans and bioregional plans are referred to in a range of policy and regulations. Any specimens of Category 1a listed species need, by law, to be eradicated from the environment. Tel: +27 (0)12 843 5000 Taxon assessed. Currently, the cobble habitat found in the tributaries are their preferred habitat, where in some streams they co-exist with alien invasive Bass species. Metrosideros excelsa (New Zealand Christmas tree) Remove and destroy. Many IAPs are products of unwise and unintentional plant introductions, but if new invasions are discovered before they are well established, eradication is possible and management c… Tradouw Mountains. Resolution 848 of 2008; Resolution 132 of 2010; Resolution 207 of 2010; Resolution 654 of 2011 Crinum lineare L.f. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. This database has not been updated recently. 1. SANBI: “Invasive Alien Plants (IAPs) are widely considered as a major threat to biodiversity, human livelihoods and economic development. Species with new field monitoring information from the CREW programme and independent botanical consultants reassessed. What Does The Law Say? Recent field observations noted increasing density of alien invasive species across its range. The assessment, carried out by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (Sanbi) and fynbos experts, revealed that 47% (165 of 353 species) of local species face extinction. Email address: [email protected], Acacia implexa (screw-pod wattle) 10.1.3. Red List maintained and updated with all newly described species assessed. lobata (kudzu weed). Statistics: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. The subpopulation at Skipskop is likely to be threatened by competition from alien invasive plants, but field surveys are needed to confirm this. For invasive species that have been unintentionally introduced to Kenya, appropriate steps such as eradication, containment and control have been undertaken to mitigate adverse effects. 8.1.3. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae): a new species of grass aloe from the Barberton Centre of Endemism, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Population trend Trend. Potentially threatened by invasive alien pines and hakeas. 2019 Invasive Species Training. CAPE Programme Email: [email protected], Interests Species with new field monitoring information from the CREW programme and independent botanical consultants reassessed. Pseudobarbus sp. 3117 specimens of 209 mammal species. Annual update of the Red List produced online. Threatened species with recalcitrant seeds grown in living collections. Colombia's governmental organization that oversees and manages natural parks within its national borders, Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia, has provided an official list of species that are considered to be invasive under the following resolutions:. Acacia paradoxa (kangaroo thorn) Plant spotters receive regular newsletters from the SANBI Biological Invasions Directorate (BID), alerting them to new invasive species they should look out for and report if seen. SANBI’s TSP identified areas of the country to optimise the conservation of unprotected threatened plant species (Von Staden et al., in prep); these areas are being taken up both in the national protected area expansion strategy as well as in provincial protected area conservation strategies. 2020. Agter-Sederberg Shrubland, Kamiesberg Mountains Shrubland, Overberg Dune Strandveld, Breede Shale Renosterveld, Swartland Granite Renosterveld, Olifants Sandstone Fynbos, Graafwater Sandstone Fynbos, Bokkeveld Sandstone Fynbos, Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, Atlantis Sand Fynbos, Hopefield Sand Fynbos. Red List maintained and updated with all newly described species assessed. Stilpnophyton inopinatum Hutch. Audit of species represented in living collections conducted by end of 2015, and repeated in 2017 and 2020. So, it seems timeous to alert readers and followers alike about many popular botanical species found in our gardens, in our field and our flower shops and events, that are classified as invasive species. The assessment, carried out by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (Sanbi) and fynbos experts, revealed that 47% (165 of 353 species) of local species face extinction. Decreasing: Assessment History. Status and Criteria. 10 of 2004 by President Thabo Mbeki. Science-based spatial tools such as provincial biodiversity plans, biodiversity sector plans and bioregional plans are referred to in a range of policy and regulations. Källersjö. iii + 39. Athanasia inopinata (Hutch.) Campuloclinium macrocephalum (pompom weed) No permits will be issued for Cat 2 plants to exist in riparian zones. The Global Invasive Species Database was developed and is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). SANBI works closely with the IUCN Global Species Programme’s Red List Unit and national and global assessment data are exchanged between SANBI’s Threatened Species Unit and the IUCNs Red List Unit via the tool SIS connect. 8.1.4. 32090. The taxon thus qualifies globally under the IUCN criteria as Vulnerable under criterion B. These are contained in small populations, currently have less impacts, but have attributes and potentially suitable habitat that could result in increased range and consequences in the next few decades. Citation/Red List version. 1358 specimens of 202 bird species. 8.1.3. 2.1. Invasive species include the Giant Mimosa (Mimosa pigra),which is a spiny shrub, originally alien to Africa, that established on the Kafue Floodplain in a national park in Zambia in the early 1980s and has since spread to cover 3,000 hectares of prime floodplain habitat, pushing out many large and important aquatic antelopes, waterbirds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, invertebrates and plants from their natural … Category 1b: See also: Our Invasive Species List section which The Listed Invasive Species were also published on 1 August 2014 as Government Notice No. No permits will be issued. Succulent Karoo Programme In this area, clearing efforts has been focused mainly within protected areas. pp. Duration: May 2015 – April 2016. 2.1. This species … Audit of species represented in living collections conducted by end of 2015, and repeated in 2017 and 2020. This species and … It was developed as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the erstwhile Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) in 2000. SANBI’s Threatened Species Programme Red List Scientists. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fish) Amphibia (frogs) Aves (birds) … The Invasive Species Programme team reports their planned actions to representatives from the national government departments of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and Water and Environmental Affairs. Since 2005, the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) Threatened Species Programme (TSP) has worked towards getting accurate distribution data for known locations of threatened species. Remove and destroy. Visit the Red List. Melaleuca ericifolia (swamp paperbark) Invasive alien plant species outcompeting indigenous plant species is another severe threat. Permit Application; Declaration Of Invasive Species; Control Guidelines; National Strategy 2005). How to apply. Status and Criteria. However it is suspected that most of the subpopulations have small population sizes due to predation by invasive alien fish species. No permits will be issued. Downloaded from Redlist.sanbi.org on 2020/12/19. Population. The species is known to escape from cultivation in Puerto Rico (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), is an adventitious alien species in France, Greece, and New Zealand (Aedo et al., 2009; Randall, 2012), and was included in a list of invasive species in Andalucia, Spain (Randall, 2012). The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africa’s sustainable development by facilitating access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. Annual update of the Red List produced online. Downloaded on date. There was probably a major, rapid reduction in range soon after the introduction of three Bass species (Micropterus spp.) Invasive alien species are also a significant threat to plant species on the Agulhas Plain. 2008). Seed collecting capacity increased by identifying and capacitating non-SANBI botanical gardens and nature reserves. Genista monspessulana (French broom), Harissa balansae Population trend. Report sightings of invasives so that action can be taken to control the spread of these species. The listing can be sorted by common name (alphabetically ascending or descending order) and can be searched by name. Invasive species regulated by area. Remaining subpopulations are severely fragmented occurring on small remnants of renosterveld isolated from one another by intervening wheat and vineyard agricultural lands and by urban suburbs in the greater Cape Town area. 37885. Soft cover. Over 57 000 herbarium records have been encoded and georeferenced. Conducting Red List assessments for plants. CAPE Programme Taxon assessed. ex G.Don: Cascade Wattle, Wallaranga Wattle: 1a: Send Us Photos. The country is ranked sixth out of the world's seventeen megadiverse countries, and is rated among the top 10 for plant species diversity and third for marine endemism. Any species classified in the IUCN categories Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable is a threatened species.. Tel: +27 (0)12 843 5000 EOO <7700 km², a lowland species that occurs on flat loams and clays. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Accessed on 2020/12/18 Accessed on 2020/12/18 Comment on this assessment SANBI’s Invasive Species Programme, formerly Early Detection and Rapid Response programme, (funded by Working for Water programme, Natural Resources Management branch – DEA) was formed to control and manage emerging invasive alien plants in South Africa. A demarcation permit is required to import, possess, grow, breed, move, sell, buy or accept as a gift any plants listed as Category 2 plants. 388 specimens of 4 invertebrate species. Hydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Postal: Private Bag X101, Silverton, 0184. Citation/Red List version. Kind of plant (Botanical name) Common Name Category Photos; Acacia adunca A.Cunn. For example, in the latest Western Cape newsletter, there is information on newly discovered invasive plants and a list of other species to look out for. Compiler: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) Review: Filip Verloove, National Botanic Garden of Belgium \ National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Belgium. ... SANBI. The Species Status Database provides a centralised storage location for information on the status of South African species. An individual plant permit is required to undertake any of the following restricted activities (import, possess, grow, breed, move, sell, buy or accept as a gift) involving a Category 3 species. var. Population. Biodiversity Science. Paspalum quadrifarium (Tussock paspalum) 2.1. Acacia cyclops A.Cunn. Over 80% of its habitat has been transformed in the past 80 years. comm.) Publication date: 2010-03-29. Several South African plant species are well known invasive species, and feature prominently in the global invasion literature. Category 2: “While some threatened species on the IUCN Red List have improved in status as a result of successful control or eradication of invasive alien species, a growing number are more threatened owing to increasing spread and threats from non-indigenous species,” says Dr Stuart Butchart from BirdLife International. Postal: Private Bag X101, Silverton, 0184. Strelitzia 25. Ongoing: 10.2. Cabomba caroliniana (fanwort) into the Olifants-Doring River System (ODRS) in the 1930s and 1940s (de Moor and Bruton 1988). It is classified as a schedule 3A entity, i.e. For instance, for water hyacinth control, options have included mechanical removal of the weed and the use of biocontrol agents. BioEnergy Res 8:471–481 Simberloff D (2013) Invasive species. Fax: +27 (0)12 804 3211, To report suspected fraud at SANBI Biodiversity Science, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities. During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa. Contact. Species Status Database. SANBI is a public entity in terms of section 38(1) (m) of the Public Finance Management Act. Species Status Database. Three subpopulations are threatened by alien invasive species and overprotection from fire. No permits will be issued for Cat 3 plants to exist in riparian zones. Invasive Species as contemplated in section 76 of the Act”. Plants of southern Africa (POSA) The Plants of southern Africa website provides plant nomenclature and floristic information for southern African taxa. 2.1.2. Threats Alien invasive fish species have significantly reduced the range of this lineage. During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa. 8.1.2. Iris pseudacorus Undertake background research about marine invasive species; Value of internship. Population trend. Category 3: Acacia stricta (hop wattle)  8.1.4. Banksia ericifolia (heath-leaved banksia) Feral Hogs As in many other states, the feral hog is a nonnative species to South Carolina and is considered a major nuisance to property, livestock and public health. Athanasia inopinata (Hutch.) Research on the impacts of invasive alien plant species on natives plants and how this can be monitored. New York: Oxford. 599 National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (10/2004): “Alien and Invasive Species List, 2014” also in Volume 590 of the South African Government Gazette (Publication No. The following popular event botanicals (many of which can, unfortunately, be sourced via existing wholesalers) are classified as invasive species (in the gazette NEMBA 40166) and the penalties for a conviction of an offence range up to a maximum of R5 million or 5 years imprisonment for failing to control an invasive species that is under your control (i.e. Visit POSA. The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) was established in terms of section 10(1) of the National Biodiversity Management: Biodiversity Act (Act No. The vision of the strategy is to document and provide predictive classifications for South African plant species, enabling users to identify and access knowledge about them, so that all can understand, conserve and benefit from biodiversity. Lachenalia unifolia Jacq. Currently a number of checklists including 10 000 species from different animal groups have been uploaded on the SANBI web page and are publicly accessible on the internet. If you prefer to view our profiles by species type and habitat, see our main Species Profiles page. Management plans developed for species requiring compulsory control to ensure eradication, with overt goals and timelines included. References [@book{1534.0, address = {Pretoria}, author = {Henning, G.A., Terblanche, R.F. Physical: 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, Pretoria. These plants are deemed to have such a high invasive potential that infestations can qualify to be placed under a government sponsored invasive species management programme. Cytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities, Become informed about the imapct of invasive alien plants. Threats Invasive alien species and excessive water abstraction are the key threats to this lineage. Known from three locations in a very limited range around Tradouw Pass (EOO 70 km²). Many IAPs are products of unwise and unintentional plant introductions, but if new invasions are discovered before they are well established, eradication is possible and management costs can be reduced. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. The South African Biodiversity Institute has worked in partnership with host research institutions, and conservation NGOs to document our species diversity and assess its threat status using the IUCN 3.1 Red List Categories and Criteria (Mammals, Marine fish and some distributional data for currently assessed species will be uploaded soon). Plant spotters receive regular newsletters from the SANBI Biological Invasions Directorate (BID), alerting them to new invasive species they should look out for and report if seen. Category 1a: Stable : Assessment History. on the property that you own or manage). 22-01-2019 . Description. SANBI Invasive Species Programme. Call: 0800 434 373, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities Invasive Alien Plant Alert: A list of plants features in the Invasive Alien Plant Alert series together with a list of invasive alien Species. (Woodford et al . IAPs cost South Africans tens of billions of rand annually in lost agricultural productivity and resources spent on management. Succulent Karoo Programme A community of practice of biodiversity planners has met annually since 2004 at the Biodiversity Planning Forum hosted by SANBI. 3871 specimens of 190 fish species. Invasive alien species, both due to escaping pine seedlings and other local invasives such as Australian acacias are present within the habitat, but these are either at too low densities to be causing any past or present threat or are otherwise actively managed (N. Helme pers. List of categories of species exempted (section 66(1)), prohibited alien species (section 67 (1)) and Invasive species (section 70 (1)). Aloe craibii Gideon F.Sm. Physical: 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, Pretoria. NOTICE3: NATIONAL LIST OF INVASIVE SPECIES IN TERMS SECTIONS 70(1), 71(3) and 71A. 2019 Invasive Species Training. Several South African plant species are well known invasive species, and feature prominently in the global invasion literature. Invasive Alien Plants (IAPs) are widely considered as a major threat to biodiversity, human livehoods and economic development. The 2nd draft of the Alien and Invasive Species Regulations of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004 (Act No.10 of 2004); On 1st August 2014, Minister of Environmental Affairs, Mrs Edna Molewa published the Alien and Invasive Species regulation published in Gazette No. Threatened species with recalcitrant seeds grown in living collections. EOO <7700 km², a lowland species that occurs on flat loams and clays. The monthly stipend offered is fixed at R6 500 for Honours completed, and R7 500 for Masters completed. Email: [email protected] Crotalaria agatiflora (Canary bird bush)  10.1.4. For example, Carpobrotus edulis is included in a list of the 50 “most intensively studied invasive species” (Pyšek et al. Here are three invasive species that are legal to hunt in South Carolina. The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) was established on 1 September 2004 through the signing into force of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA) No. A community of practice of biodiversity planners has met annually since 2004 at the Biodiversity Planning Forum hosted by SANBI. Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 2.1. 10.1.4. Seed collecting capacity increased by identifying and capacitating non-SANBI botanical gardens and nature reserves. Invasive species requiring compulsory control. Bradleya 21:25-28. SANBI Invasive Species Programme. Johannesburg City Parks and Zoo launched National Invasive Species Week initiatives on Thursday 12 October, 2017 in Juweel Park, Jukskei Park, Randburg, Gauteng. Email: [email protected] This gazette is also available free online at www.gpwonline.co.za STAATSKOERANT, 29 JULIE 2016 No. 2.1.1. No other benefits apply as this is an internship position . This taxon is widespread, and occurs as solitary individuals, in small groups or in dense colonies. Link to the IUCN species page. The regulation listed a total of 559 alien species as invasive and further 560 species are listed as prohibited and may not be introduced into South Africa. Invasive species requiring compulsory control as part of an invasive species control programme. This is an online version of SANBI’s Red List of South African plants. It can form a monoculture that wipes out other native plants beneficial to wildlife. There appears to be an interaction between the amount of sand cover over cobbles (exacerbated in rivers in heavily farmed areas) and vulnerability to impacts from Micropterus spp. Visit the Species Status Database. These checklists will eventually be expanded to co-ordinate all information at the species level through the South African node of the Encyclopedia of Life. Invasive Alien Plants (IAPs) are widely considered as a major threat to biodiversity, human livehoods and economic development. ISBN 978-1-928224-09-9 Available as download only View list of contents Download PDF (9.02 Mb) No. 22-01-2019 . Call: 0800 434 373, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities The Biodiversity of South Africa is the variety of living organisms within the boundaries of South Africa and its exclusive economic zone.South Africa is a region of high biodiversity in the terrestrial and marine realms. Pueraria montana var. Population. (2009) Athanasia inopinata (Hutch.) Invasive species regulated by activity. Invasive species clearing campaign in Jukskei Park. The focus is on emerging invasive alien plants that are in category 1a according to NEMBA regulations. Källersjö: VU D2: Raimondo et al. 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